India’s pressed neck policy



Every year during flood season, debates are broadcasted by various channels about Kalabagh dam, politicians emerge quarreling for imposing upon other one’s cliché but yet to the prevailing life, no one has been visualized imprinting decorum solution for it, acceptable to everyone. Why do politicians not divert their guns towards India or can such roles not be performed by them in case of India or prolonged performance can’t be ushered by them? To Indus water treaty, India is bound to maintain water level of 55000 cubic square feet through western rivers ( Indus, Jhelum, Chenab not Neelum) annually and 22000 cubic square feet has been received by us since 2004. India claims that such shortfall is there, due to less rainfall while counter argument of Pakistan is emphasizing truth; it says that 67% of water comes from melting of glacier.

Furthermore, moving with treaty India is bound to send 6-month prior notice to Pakistan before initiation of new project (Dam Upstream), while Pakistan has to reply within 3-months. In case of disagreement, both states can hold case to international court of arbitration. India has constructed 72 projects like Dulhasti, Salal, Bagehar and Kisangangaetc and numbers are in pipeline; which India can construct, but with prescribed height. Actually, Indians have violated the terms of concordat as more height (33 feet)  hasbeen given to dam like Kisanganga with claim that mostly dams have been constructed  on Neelum, which has not been mentioned in western rivers. In return, Pakistan says that Neelum is no doubt not part of western rivers, but Jhelum has main flow of water from Neelum. Since 2004, India has not sent single letter to Pakistan about permission, and Pakistan sent 300 objection letters since 1971 to India, none of them has been replied.

Including the issue of Kishanganga Dam by Pakistan, both Islamabad and New Delhi took issue over bagleaur dam in 2009 to ICA ( International court of Arbitration) and ICA appointed observer team for conflict. What acute team has found regarding conflicted dam? Structure of dam is complete and can’t be reversed with 33 feet more height than prescribed. Indian lobby prevailed over Pakistan in ICA to be provided with fresh data to court. Further, Indians say that Pakistan should not waste water to sea( 32%) while it should waste(17%) to sea. In reply, Islamabad stayed to its claim of water receiving. KawajaAsif( Minister for water and power) addressed to parliament; if flow is reduced with same pace then drought will be there in Pakistan in 2024. While director agriculture Punjab said that Pakistan had been facing 1 billion rupees loss per crop due to reduced flow.

Such cunning steps are being taken by India in violation of treaty, as New Delhi maintains flow according to its will  and on the contrary, Pakistan faces huge loss through flood or water shortage. India will continue to build dams until proper orchestration of Pakistan about constructing new dams because low stream always has more rights over water than upstream according to laws. So, to overcome reduced water flow and losses through flood, all wings of Pakistan have to gather at juncture, which demands for one will. In short, India will have to increase flow, if Basha, Dashu and Kalabagh dams are constructed. Such mastery will also escalate the water life line of country from 28 days and Kawaja Asif will need no ground to pray for rain. But, these strides are exhorting to get rid of egoism, so that country could get better.

Recently, burning issue of Kashmir and Uri attack have fingered Pakistan and India towards harsh talks and pre-war preparations. Mr. Modi uttered ferocious words about ending of Indus water treaty during a gathering, but can it be done? International court of Arbitration is holder of treaty between both cliques and it can’t be ended on the will of one faction, but such claim of Mr. Modi has starched the words of  Mr. Obama’s 1st speech in 2008; Pakistan and India’s next war will happen due to water conflict.  So far as Indian surgical strikes are concerned; those have badly failed because Indian media and former high influential have declared them, baseless and without influence.

Water is the basic need of  human body and such treaties are based on international codes of conduct, which can’t be easily violated. Just like Pak-India, Hungary and Slovakia were concerned about Gabcikovo-Nagymarosproject and filed a case in ICJ. On September,1997 ICJ passed a ruling in the case to put such consonance beyond the disputes. Treaty can’t be ended and violated, but can be terminated by another treaty, which Pak-India are not articulating. If Article 63 of Vienna convention on law of treaty is introspected, it says that severance of diplomatic relations has no concern with violation of treaty except diplomatic relations are being shaped severe about treaty. So, through such angle, Pak-India are having burning question of Kashmir and Uri attack, which are being followed through tactics of Violation of Indus water treaty.

To conclude: Pakistan remained sluggish in relation of pursuing India regarding the violation of treaty, whether it is reduced water flow or ending of concordat except strongly pursued case of Salal Dam 1977. So, strong diplomacy is needed on every forum with jointure of all wings over construction of dams. In short, such treaty should not be used as ammunition of war or for political needs, because it has long entrenched history, which can’t be ended.