(?How did Columbus discover New World)
In the globalized world of today, everyone talks about superpowers and leaders, ruling the world so white house through all contexts is reigning and dictating other countries of globe, but on the parallel British and some other nations have prolonged and conquering history; why Americans are clutching such title and what are those facts, bolstering America day by day in race of information and technology? All of these queries are compelling to introspect about Americans background and their approaches towards culmination. Starting through ancient discovery of America; at the height of ice age about 35000 years ago, when much of world’s water was locked up in continental ice sheets, a land bridge(1500 Km) was there connecting Asia and North America. By 12000 years ago, Human beings were living in western Hemisphere. In 2500 BCE,A group of nomads, moving from India crossed acute bridge and reached north of America, the place now is called Alaska. They then moved south into land that was to become the United States and settled along pacific ocean in the Northwest, in the mountains and deserts of the Southwest, and along the Mississippi river in the Middle West. Amid early settlers of America, there were Hohokam, Adenans, Hopewellians and Anasazi and did everything for their livings in that part of exploring era.
Until the 15th century, Europeans believed that there were only three continents in the world; Europe, Asia and Antartic. With passage of time, Europeans started trading with Asia especially India, but owing to clashes of European and ottoman Empire; formers had to suffer from killing, either they were passing through land routes or ocean. Then, European rulers asked for navigating shortest possible route to India and Christopher Columbus came up with idea. He believed that sailing west across the Atlantic ocean was the shortest possible route to Asia and was ready to sail for whatever country would pay for his voyage. Either because of his arrogance or ambition, he found it difficult to find a patron and was refuted by the Portuguese, the British and the French. Having influential patronage from court, Columbus kindled King Ferdinand and queen Isabella of Spain to partially underwrite his expedition.
Furthermore, In 1492, Columbus started his journey with crew member and reached north of America, when he peeped into acute Island and found other civilizations looking like Indians, he enthusiastically declared that he had found India. Columbus called native of America as red Indians thinking that he had landed in India and those people were Indians. Four civilizations were living in America earlier like Mayas, Red Indians, Aztecs and Incas. Meanwhile, many people visited this part of Columbus’s India, but another Italian navigator named Amerigo Vespucci sailed extensively along American Coast and was considered to be first to realize that America was in fact a “New World” and not part of Asia.
After visit, Amerigo published a document and instigated America on the map for first time, known parts of western hemisphere in 1507. So, after Amerigo, this place was named as; The Land of Americus, but with passage of phrase grasped a conversion to one word that was America. This was how, a new world clutched its introduction on the map of world. Question ambushing here is; what was the lesson learnt by European through this expedition of Columbus? Columbus imprinted two depictions on the world history, but peeping into positive aspect; owing to his journey, Europeans of several countries began to look to expand outside of Europe for trade and exchange. European foods, animals, ideas and ideologies went from Europe to Western Hemisphere, at same time animals, plants, gold and some local customs and ideas came to Europe from Western Hemisphere; this was called Columbian exchange. The fact that Columbus is considered a historical hero is incredibly tumultuous to many. After landing at San Salvador in the Bahamas, he found gold on the island of Hispaniola that he carted back to Spain. He and his explorers lynched many natives and made thousands of them as slaves. On the other hand, he with his crew brought diseases, which slayed many native Americans as well.